What Is Cotton? Types Of Cotton

What Is Cotton? Cotton is a natural, fluffy, insulating staple fabric made of plant derives materials. The fabric itself is generally considered to be quite impermeable, as it does not trap moisture like many other man-made fabric do.

The fabric is typically made up of primarily of starch, with some mixture of protein and fat. The cotton fabric is also completely natural and has little to no chemical structure or additives.

Types of cotton

There are two types of cotton: top spinners and upland cotton. Top spinners are the more popular of the two; these cotton fabric are milled to be used in clothing items and industrial products such as T-shirts.

In addition to being spun, cotton is also spun into threads or thread bundles. The threads are woven into cloth – a fabric made from cotton. Cotton production is high in places such as India and Africa, but less so in countries such as the United States and Canada where the majority of cotton production occurs.


In order to be called cotton, fabric must be created by completely removing the wool component from the plant’s stems. Some say this stripping of the wool is called “cultured wool”, which gives the fabric the soft, silky feel and appearance.

Most commercial cotton blends are a blend of various cotton species, each having been treated differently during the growing process to alter their properties, and thus produce a unique final product.

The most common names for these fabric are “pure cotton,” “light cotton” and “heavy cotton.” Depending on the type of fabric, a variety of names may be given to each type. Below is an alphabetical list of some of the more common cotton blends.

Example of a cotton blend

An example of a cotton blend is Cashmere, a material that comes from the Cashmere goat, a very expensive animal. The goat is fed a diet primarily of grasses and other vegetation and it grows its own wool to make the fine Cashmere fabric.

In addition to being very expensive, Cashmere is one of the strongest natural fabric available and has excellent insulating properties.

Natural fabric

An example of a natural fabric produced from the cotton plant is Bamboo. Bamboo is used for flooring, rope and tablecloths, although it grows best in wet fields. Bamboo can be woven into textiles and is popular in areas of China and Indonesia, where it grows. It is also grown for decorative purposes in South America.


A close relative of Bamboo is Jute. Jute is a plant that is reddish brown but has fine, wavy fabric . Jute is widely used in India, Pakistan, China, Tibet, the United States and parts of Europe.

Its natural fabric properties have made it very useful as a textile fabric, and it is often in use today as linings and fillers in clothing, carpets and flooring blends. Jute is now also being used to make synthetic fabric such as Dacron.

Although it has been around for a long time, Jute is still relatively new to the market and is only now beginning to be exploited for manufacturing purposes.

Family of fabric

One family of fabric is responsible for producing some of the world’s most comfortable fabrics, and that family is Ladies’ Hair. The term ‘Ladies’ is used because fabric from this family are easily woven into fine fabrics that resist wrinkles, flyaway and itchiness, and are soft to the touch.

Pure cotton blends are frequently used in industrial, high volume apparel products such as t-shirts, jeans, shorts and skirts, but because these fabric are so expensive to begin with, they are not always economically feasible.

That has forced many manufacturers to produce specially made ladies clothing that has a blend of pure cotton with synthetic fibres, called Jute.

Cotton plant

If you’ve never seen a cotton plant or heard of a cotton grower, don’t worry; you’re not alone! In fact, it is not as hard as it sounds, especially if you look online.

Just visit your favourite search engine (we’re using Google here) and type in ‘Cotton Grower’ or ‘Cotton Plant’ and you will be rewarded with an extensive list of web sites and companies that you can choose from.

Look at their website for more information on how to become a certified organic cotton grower or simply ask them for advice on buying Jute wholesale.

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